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【國資小新】關于新冠滅活疫苗18個問題的最新答案

發布時間:2020-09-10 來源: 閱讀次數:719

ZHUANZIGUOZIXIAOXIN:http://r6a.cn/dvxg

       ZUOWEIBEISHOUGONGZHONGQIDAIDEKANGYI“WUQI”,XINGUANYIMIAOBUJINSHI2020NIANFUMAOHUISHANGDEREMENZHANPIN,QIYANFAJINDUYECHENGWEIDAJIAZUIWEIGUANZHUDEHUATI。GUOYAOJITUANZHONGGUOSHENGWUCHENGDANYANFADELIANGKUANMIEHUOYIMIAOYIJINRULINCHUANGⅢQISHIYANJIEDUAN,BINGYIJUBEIDAGUIMOLIANGCHANDENENGLI,GEXIANGJINDUJUNCHUYUQUANQIULINGXIANDIWEI。

新冠滅活疫苗究竟效果如何?

我們什么時候能夠打上疫苗?
新冠滅活疫苗的價格是多少?
疫苗的保護時間能有多久?
病毒變異了疫苗還有效嗎?
是不是所有人都需要打?
孕婦能打疫苗嗎?
……

針對這些大家關心的問題
國藥集團中國生物副總裁張云濤
國藥集團中國生物總法律顧問周頌

近期在接受媒體采訪時
為我們帶來了詳細解答!
快和小新一起來看!

       一、疫苗研發進度及產能       

1. 生產一支疫苗大概要多久?未來疫苗產量可以達到多少?

       張云濤:生產疫苗從細胞開始到檢定合格,整個流程要3個月。我們在滅活疫苗的產業化設施建設上創造了奇跡,60天建成了高等級生物安全生產設施。中國生物于北京和武漢兩個生物制品研究所分別建設高等級生物安全生產設施,通過持續的工藝優化,兩個車間年產能合計可達3億劑。今年年底能供應1億劑。

       WEILAIIIQICHEJIANNIANCHANLIANGKEDA10YIJI,IQIIIQIHEJIKEDADAO13YIJI。IIQIDAGAI3GEYUEDAOBANNIAN(KEYIJIANCHENG)。

2. 新冠滅活疫苗何時上市?

滚球体育       ZHOUSONG:MUQIAN,GUOYAOJITUANZHONGGUOSHENGWUBEIJINGSHENGWUZHIPINYANJIUSUOXINGUANMIEHUOYIMIAOSHENGCHANTONGGUOXIANGGUANBUMENZUZHIDESHENGWUANQUANLIANHEJIANCHA,JUBEILESHIYONGTIAOJIAN。GUOYAOJITUANYITOURUZIJINYUE20YIYUAN,JIANSHELELIANGGEGAODENGJISHENGWUANQUANSHENGCHANCHEJIAN。MIEHUOYIMIAOZUIKUAI12YUEDIJIKESHANGSHI。

3. 新冠滅活上市后價格如何?

       ZHANGYUNTAO:YIMIAOJIAGESHANG,ZONGTISHANGKENDINGHUIDAFUDUDIYU1000YUAN,DANSHIHUANMEIYOUDINGCHUJIAGE。WEILAIJIEZHONGLIANGZHENHUANSHISANZHENYAOKANSHIYANJIEGUO。RUGUOSHILIANGZHEN,YEKENENGBANNIANHUOZHEYINIANJIAQIANGYIZHEN,ZHEZHONGKENENGXINGSHIZUIDADE。

4. 新冠疫苗研制過程中有什么難點?如何突破?

       ZHANGYUNTAO:DIYIGENANDIANSHIGONGYISHEBEI,BAOKUOZAITI、SHENGWUFANYINGQI,HENDUODOUSHIWOMENGUOCHANZIZHUYANFAZHUANLIJISHU。WOMENXUYAOYIGEGAODENGSHENGWUANQUANSHESHILAIPEIYANGBINGDU,SHESHIMIBIDUYAOGAO,SHENGWUANQUANDENGJIYAOGAO,ZHESHIBIJIAONANDE。LINGWAI,QUANQIUDOUMEIZUOGUOXINGUANBINGDUYIMIAO,HENDUOBIAOZHUNSHIYIWANGMEIYOUDE,XUYAOZAIYANFAGUOCHENGZHONGJIANLIZHIKONGBIAOZHUN,JIANLICHENGPINDEFANGXINGBIAOZHUN、GONGYIKONGZHIDEBIAOZHUN。ZHEXIEBIAOZHUNDOUYAOZIJIJIAN,WEILAIBIANCHENGGUOJIABIAOZHUN。

       ZAITUPONANDIANFANGMIAN,YIFANGMIANSHIKEXUEJIAYEYIJIRIDINULIFENDOU,YIFANGMIANSHIWOMENYIQIANDEJISHUCHENDIANJILEI。TIZHIDEYOUSHIYEHENZHONGYAO,LIANFANGLIANKONGJIZHIZHENGHEQILAIHOU,DALIZHICHIGUNDONGSHENPI、TIJIAOFAGUIDENG。

5. III期臨床試驗進展如何?試驗完畢離正式使用還有多遠?

       ZHANGYUNTAO:YINWEIZHONGGUOYIQINGKONGZHIDEFEICHANGHAO,SUOYIYIMIAOIIIQIYANJIUZAIHAIWAIKAIZHAN。IIIQIZAIALIANQIU、YUEDAN、AGENTINGDENG10DUOGEGUOJIAKAIZHANSHIYAN,RUZUJIEZHONG5WANREN。IIIQILINCHUANGZUIZHUYAODESHIYIMIAOXIAOLIYANJIU,JIUSHIBAOHUXINGDEYANJIU,YAOZHUADAOYOUXIAODEBINGLISHU,PINGPANYIMIAOSHIFOUYOUXIAO。WANCHENGYIHOUTONGCHANGDEZUOFASHIJINXINGYIMIAOYANZHIXIANCHANGHECHA、YIMIAOLINCHUANGXIANCHANGHECHAHESHENGCHANXIANCHANGHECHADENG。YAOPINSHENPINGZHONGXINPIZHUNCAINENGSHANGSHI。

       ZHEGEGUOCHENGTONGCHANGSHIJIANBIJIAOCHANG,YAOYINIANZUOYOU。DANSHIZHECIWEIYOUXIAOYINGDUIXINGUANYIQING,GUOJIAYAOJIANJUTONGBUKAISHISHENPING,SHENGCHANQIANDEXIANGGUANZHUNBEIGONGZUOYIJINGKAISHIBUJULE。YULINCHUANGSHIYANTONGBU,SHENGCHANSHANGSHIDESUOYOUZHUNBEIGONGZUOZHENGZAIJINXING,SUOYIWEILAIBUHUIYONGZHEMECHANGSHIJIAN。

6. 臨床試驗前兩期在中國做,第III期在外國做,對結果會有影響嗎?

       ZHANGYUNTAO:IIIQIZAIHAIWAIZUO,DUIYUYIHOUDEYINGYONGHUIGENGHAO。IQIIIQIZAIZHONGGUOZUO,DOUCHANSHENGLEZHONGHEKANGTI。ZHONGHEKANGTIJIANCESHIGEJINBIAOZHUN,ZAIHAIWAIDEIIIQILINCHUANGYANJIUZHONG,WOMENYEHUICHIXUGUANCHAZHONGHEKANGTI。ZHONGHEKANGTISHIKEBIJIAODE,ZAIHAIWAIDESHIYANKUODALERENZHONG、GUOJIAHERENQUN,ZUIZHUYAOHUANSHIBEIHAIWAIRENKE,SHICHANPINKEYICHUKOU。

       YIQIANWOMENDEYIMIAOXIANGCHUKOUSHIHENNANDE,BINGBUSHIZAIGUONEISHANGSHIJIUNENGZAIWAIGUOCHUKOU,YOUYIXILIEDEFAGUIXIANZHI、LINCHUANGXIANZHI。XIANZAIWOMENDEKEJISHILIQIANGLE,IQIIIQILINCHUANGSHUJUBEIHAIWAIRENKE,ZAIHAIWAIZHIJIEKAIZHANIIIQILINCHUANGYANJIU。WEILAIZHONGGUOSHENPITONGGUODESHIHOUYEKEYIZAIHAIWAISHANGSHI。

7. 未來如何開展國際合作?

滚球体育       ZHANGYUNTAO:WOMENIIIQILINCHUANGSHIYANZAIGUOWAIKAIZHAN,JIUSHIGUOJIHEZUODEDIANFAN。WEILAI,ZHEXIEGUOJIAZHIYAOZUOLEZHEXIELINCHUANGYANJIU,DOUKEYIHEFAHEGUISHANGSHI。WOMENYEKEYIJIARUSHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHICHANGDAODEQUANQIUYIMIAOLIANMENGCAIGOUJIHUA,BINGJIJIZHICHIZHEXIEJIHUA。MUQIAN,XINGUANMIEHUOYIMIAOZAIGUOJISHANGYOU5YIJIDEYIXIANG

       二、疫苗的安全性       

8. 疫苗安全性如何?

滚球体育       ZHANGYUNTAO:XINGUANMIEHUOYIMIAOWENDINGXINGZAICHIXUGUANCHAGUOCHENGZHONG,JUMUQIANGUANCHAWENDINGXINGSHILIANGHAODE。CONGMIEHUOYIMIAODELISHIJINGYANLAIKAN,QUANQIUSUOYOUMIEHUOYIMIAOWENDINGXINGDOUHENHAO。

       ZHOUSONG:GUOJIAPIZHUNLESANZHIYIMIAO,GUOYAOJITUANZHONGGUOSHENGWUJIUZHANLEQIZHONGDELIANGZHI,MUQIANYESHIJINJISHIYONGJIEZHONGLIANGZUIDADERENSHUZUIDUODE,DALESHUSHIWANRENCI,WUYILIMINGXIANBULIANGFANYING,WUYIRENGANRAN。DIERJUHUAYIYIGENGWEIZHONGDA,WOMENGUOJIADEJINJISHIYONG,XIANZAIMIANXIANGDERENQUNDOUSHIGAOFENGXIANBAOLURENQUN,BIRUJIUZHIXINGUANGANRANZHEDEYILIAOJIGOUYIHURENYUAN,BIRUQUWANGYIQINGGAOFENGXIANGUOJIADEWAIJIAOWAIPAI,ZHONGZIQIYEDEYIDAIYILUJIANSHERENYUANDENGDENG,ZHEJIWANRENDAWANYIMIAOZHIHOU,YIJINGDAOHAIWAIHENCHANGYIDUANSHIJIANLE,JIGEYUEDESHIJIANLE,TAMENZAIHAIWAISHIYOUPINGXINGDUIZHAODE,YEJIUSHISHUOHAIWAIDIQUHUOZHEQUYUYIQINGBAOFALE,TAMENDALEYIMIAOQUDAONEILE,HELIUSHOUZAINEIDEYUANGONGDUIBI,YOULIUSHOUDEYUANGONGGANRANLE,TAMEIYOUGANRAN,LEISIZHEYANGJIAOPINGXINGDUIZHAODESHUJUZAIDUOGEGUOJIADOUYOU。YOUQISHIDAWANYIMIAOZHIHOUQUHAIWAIGAOFENGXIANGUOJIAHEDIQUDESHUWANREN,SHIXIANLELINGGANRAN,ZHEZHENGMINGLEYIMIAODEYOUXIAOXING。

9. 打完疫苗多久能產生抗體?

滚球体育       ZHOUSONG:DAYIMIAODUOJIUNENGCHANSHENGKANGTI,YEGENMIANYICHENGXUYOUGUANXI。XINGUANMIEHUOYIMIAOYIGONGXUYAOJIEZHONGLIANGJICI,JIANGE2~4ZHOU,JIEZHONGWANDIYIJIYIHOU,YANJIUBIAOMING,7TIANKAISHIPUBIANCHANSHENGKANGTI,JIEZHONGWANDIERJI28TIANYIHOU,ZHONGHEKANGTIYANGZHUANLVHUOZHEJIAOYANGXINGLVJUNDABAIFENBAI,YEJIUSHIANZHAOGUIFANDEMIANYICHENGXUJIEZHONGLIANGJIYIMIAO28TIANHOU,SUOYOURENDOUCHANSHENGZUYIDIKANGXINGUANBINGDUDEGAODIDUKANGTI。

10. 接種疫苗后不會對核酸檢測有影響?

       ZHOUSONG:JIEZHONGXINGUANMIEHUOYIMIAOYIHOU,BUHUIYINGXIANGHESUANJIANCESHIYINXINGDEJIEGUO。HESUANJIANCESHIBIYAN(SHIZHI),TAJIANCEDESHIKANGYUAN,ERWOMENJIEZHONGXINGUANYIMIAOHOUCHANSHENGDESHIBAOHUXINGKANGTI,SUOYIHESUANJIANCEBUHUIYINGXIANG。

11. 接種了這個疫苗后,未來還可以接種其他新冠疫苗嗎?

       ZHANGYUNTAO:MEIYOUWENTI。ZHECIWOGUOYIMIAOYANFAYOU5TIAOJISHULUXIAN,DAWANWOMENDEMIEHUOYIMIAOJIXUDABIEDEMIEHUOYIMIAOSHIKEYIDE,DAQITAJISHULUXIANKENENGYAOSHENZHONGYIXIE。

       三、疫苗保護期       

12. 新冠疫苗會給我們多久的防護?

滚球体育       ZHOUSONG:YOUJIGEBUTONGDEBANBENHESHUOFA。BIRUDIYIGEBANBENHESHUOFASHUO,KANGTIZAITINEI3~6GEYUEJIUXIAOSHILE。WOMENQIYEYEDUISHEHUIGONGKAILE,WOMENZUIZAODAYIMIAODERENJIAO“YISHENSHIYAODE180MINGXIANFENGDUI”,ZUIZAODAYIMIAODAOXIANZAIYIJINGWULIUGEYUEDESHIJIANLE,TAMENBUDUANDICHOUXUELAIJIANCETADEKANGTISHUZHI,MUQIANKANHUANCHUYUKANGTIFENGZHIDEWENDINGQI,MEIYOUXIAJIANG,SUOYIDIYIZHONGSHUOFABUGONGZIPO。DIERZHONGSHUOFABIJIAOLEGUAN,SHUOYOUMEIYOUKENENGZHONGSHENMIANYINI?XIANGXIAOSHIHOUDAGUONIUDOUYIMIAOZHONGSHENBUDETIANHUANEIYANG。XIANZAIKANZHEZHONGKENENGXINGYEBUTAIDA。MUQIANGENJUDONGWUSHIYAN、JIEDUANXINGYANJIUJIEGUOYIJIJIWANGXIANGSIJISHUPINGTAIYIMIAODENGQINGKUANG,ZONGHELAIKAN,MIANYIDECHIJIUXINGHEBAOHUDEXIAOGUO,GUJI1~3NIANYISHANGDEKENENGXINGDA。

13. 為什么目前不能準確說出疫苗的保護時間?

       ZHOUSONG:YINWEIBINGDUCHULAICAIZHEMECHANGSHIJIAN,DAYIMIAODEYECAIZHEMECHANGSHIJIAN,WOMENHUANZAICHIXUGUANCHATADEBAOHUXING。MUQIANCONGYIJINGJIEZHONGDERENQUNDEQINGKUANGKAN,DONGWUSHIYANQINGKUANGKAN,BINGDUDETEXINGQINGKUANGKAN,YIJIXIANGTONGHUOLEISIYIMIAODEJISHULUXIANDEQINGKUANGLAIKAN,TUISUANHEGUJIBAOHU1~3NIANYISHANGYINGGAISHIMEIYOUWENTIDE。

14. 疫苗需要一年一打嗎?

滚球体育       ZHOUSONG:MUQIANKANYEBUHUIXIANGLIUGANNEIYANG。YINWEILIUGANMEINIANSHIBUTONGDEBINGDUZHUQUSHENGCHANLIUGANYIMIAO。XINGUANMUQIANSUIRANZAIFASHENGJIZHONGYAXINGDEBIANYI,TAHUANSHIXINGUANBINGDU。

       ZHANGYUNTAO:CONGLILUNSHANGJIANG,TIYEMIANYICHANSHENGDEKANGTIBUYIDINGSHIZHONGSHENDE,DANYINGGAIYOUTXIBAOJIYI,YINGGAISHIZHONGSHENDE。SUOYICONGZHEGEJIAODULAIJIANG,KENENGHUANSHIXUYAOJIAQIANG(MIANYI)DE。

15. 如果病毒變異了,會導致疫苗白打嗎?

       ZHOUSONG:MUQIANBUGUANSHIWHOYEHAO,HUANSHIWOMENGUOJIADEKEYANJIGOU,BAOKUOZHEJIAZHONGYANGQIYEGUOYAOJITUANZHONGGUOSHENGWUYEDOUYIZHIZAIGUANZHUHEJIANCEZHUBINGDUDEBIANYIQINGKUANG。DAO7YUEZHONGXUNDESHIHOU,(GUOYAO)QIYEDEZHONGHEJIAOCHASHIYANDESHUJUYIJINGCHULAILE。JIUSHIDANGSHIBEIJINGXINFADIDEBINGDUZHU、ELUOSIDEBINGDUZHU、YINGGUODEBINGDUZHU、AODILIDEBINGDUZHUHEMEIGUODEBINGDUZHU,YONGXINGUANMIEHUOYIMIAOLAIZUOZHONGHEJIAOCHASHIYAN,JIEGUOXIANSHIJUNNENGBAIFENBAIZHONGHE。YEJIUSHISHUOMUQIANDEQUEBINGDUYOUJIZHONGYAXINGZAIFASHENGBIANYI,DANSHITADEZHUJIYINXULIEHEDANBAIZHISHUIPINGMEIYOUFASHENGGENBENGAIBIAN,XINGUANMIEHUOYIMIAOZAIWEILAIRUOGANNIANNEIYINGDUIZHEXIEBIANYIDEBINGDUSHIMEIWENTIDE,NENGGOUFUGAIZHEXIEBIANYIDEBINGDU,ZHESHIKENDINGDEDAAN。

       四、疫苗接種人群       

16. 新冠疫苗需要全民接種嗎?

滚球体育       ZHOUSONG:XINGUANYIMIAOBINGBUXUYAO14YIRENDOUJIEZHONG。QUANSHIJIEQITASUOYOUDEYIMIAODOUSHIZHEYANG,BUSHIBAQUANQIU70YIRENDOUDAYIZHEN。JIUNABEIJINGLAISHUO,DAOXIANZAIYOUDEYUANJIAOQUXIANMEIYOUBINGLI,JIUBUJIANDEDA。SUOYIYIMIAOSHOUXIANDADESHIGAOFENGXIANBAOLURENQUN,TAXINGCHENGMIANYIPINGZHANGYIHOU,BINGDUJIUBUHUIZAICHUANBOLE。BIRUSHUOJIESHOUXINGUANGANRANZHEDEYILIAOJIGOUDEYIHURENYUANHEJIKONGDEYIXIANGONGZUORENYUAN,TAMENDALEYIHOUJIUHUIZUDUANCHUANBOLIAN,ERQIEXINGCHENGQUNTIMIANYIZHIHOU,BINGDUJIUBUZAIJUYOUHENQIANGDECHUANBOHEYINGXIANG。

17. 疫苗是否有優先使用人群?

       ZHANGYUNTAO:MIEHUOYIMIAOFUGAIFANWEISHI3SUIYISHANGDEQUANRENQUNQUANNIANLINGDUAN。RUGUOSHEJIKEJIXINGDEHUA,KENENGYOUXIANZAIYIXIETESHURENQUNZHONGSHIYONG,BIRUGANGKOU、MATOU、CANYIN、CHUZUSIJIDENGRENQUNSHIYONG。

18. 哺乳期和妊娠期的女性可以注射嗎?

       ZHOUSONG:BURUQIHERENSHENQIDENVXINGZAIMUQIANJINJISHIYONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,MUQIANGUOJIAPIZHUNDEYIMIAOJINJISHIYONGSHIJIANYIZANHUANJIEZHONG。BUSHISHUODUIYUZHELIANGGERENQUNERYANYOUWEIHAIHUOBUNENGDA,ERSHIJIYUKEXUEXINGHEYANJINXINGDEYAOQIU,YINWEIMUQIANRENSHENQIDENVXINGHEBURUQIDENVXING,MEIYOUZUGOUDADEYANGBENLIANG。WEILAISHUJULIANGCHONGYINGQILAIYIHOU,ZHELIANGGERENQUNYEKEYIDA。